Penguin Species

Penguin Species lesson plan

Create and play a game with realistic penguins made from Crayola® Model Magic.

  • 1.

    Read about the 17 species of penguins. Find out about their distinctive markings, sizes, markings, body shapes, and nesting patterns, as well as the weather and geography of their native locations. Make a chart showing this information using Crayola Colored Pencils.

  • 2.

    <b><i>To make the penguins:</b></i> Work in pairs, as buddies with an older and younger child, or individually to model one penguin species using Crayola Model Magic. Design them so that all species are in scale with each other. Dry overnight.

  • 3.

    Cover the work area with recycled newspaper. With Crayola Washable Watercolors Watercolor Brushes, paint each species to show its distinctive markings and forms. Dry overnight.

  • 4.

    <b><i>To create the Where Do the Penguins Live? game:</b></i> On a large, round paper or tablecloth, draw a round map of the Southern Hemisphere with Crayola Washable Markers. Place penguins on the map.

  • 5.

    Write the penguin species' names on index cards with markers or colored pencils. Make up your own game rules, or start with these: Shuffle the cards. For four players, deal three cards to each. If a player correctly identifies a penguin species, remove th


  • Students research information about penguins including size, markings, and living conditions.
  • Students create to-scale replicas of the 17 penguin species.
  • Children develop a learning game about conditions of each penguin species' geographic region.


  • In addition to species names, make cards with other characteristics for the players to match.
  • Create habitat dioramas with small recycled cardboard boxes. Depict aspects of penguin life. Make a learning game of placing the proper penguins in their habitats.
  • For younger children or those with disabilities, limit the number of penguin species. Visit a zoo to see live penguins. Try walking and sitting like penguins do.
  • Research the effect of global warming on the penguin population.